Taiwanese pray ‘simply to be protected’ as 12 months of the Rabbit nears | Arts and Tradition Information


Taipei, Taiwan – Making ready for the Lunar New 12 months is a busy time for individuals like Ms Lin, a 58-year-old who works close to Taipei’s historic Longshan Temple.

Many Taiwanese – and other people of Chinese language descent all through the world – get their hair minimize, purchase new garments, clear out the home, put together for a household feast or journey again dwelling within the run-up to the competition, which this 12 months falls on Sunday. However many additionally discover time to go to their native temple to hope to gods and ancestors and keep off something untoward lurking within the 12 months forward.

That is the place Al Jazeera discovered Ms Lin one weekday afternoon, queueing to gentle lamps to the Taoist god of cash, and the tai sui, the rotating god of the 12 months, lest he brings her household misfortune.

Ms Lin had accomplished a kind with particulars together with data like her age, birthday, and tackle – vital identifiers in Taoism’s “celestial forms” – handy to temple workplace workers so the gods can determine every mortal. Today, lamps could be paid for with money or a bank card.

“It’s like [Christians] have Christ that they’ll confess to. After they have some worries on their thoughts, they may search assist from God,” Ms Lin, who most well-liked to not share her full title, instructed Al Jazeera. “So, we spend a bit of cash and ask the [tai sui] god to learn out our birthday and to maintain us protected. It’s really very related.”

A view of the Longshan temple in Taiwan. It has an ornate roof and there are steps leading up to the prayer halls. People are queuing up behind a balustrade in the centre of the photo to get into the temple. Flowers have been placed around the bottom.
Folks go to the Longshan temple to hope to the Taoist god often known as tai sui to make sure no misfortune befalls them within the new 12 months [Erin Hale/Al Jazeera]

Longshan Temple is open year-round, however praying to the tai sui – a ritual often known as “an tai sui” – is especially vital forward of the Lunar New 12 months. In Taoist custom, individuals born underneath the zodiac signal of the upcoming 12 months – akin to 2023’s 12 months of the Rabbit – face 12 months of potential unhealthy luck and battle as a result of they may conflict with the 12 months’s tai sui.

This 12 months, the tai sui is Basic Pi Shi – a deity linked to the martial arts who is believed to have lived in the course of the time of the northern Wei dynasty from about 300-500 CE. There are 60 tai sui altogether and so they rotate by every lunar new 12 months.

Ms Lin’s husband was born within the 12 months of the Rabbit, so he might want to take care, however so will individuals born underneath the rooster, dragon, rat and horse, in line with Chinese language astrology.

The 58-year-old tells Al Jazeera she is performing an an tai sui simply to be protected.

“I anticipate one thing unhealthy might occur,” she mentioned. “Or if one thing unhealthy occurs, I might really feel prefer it’s as a result of I didn’t an tai sui this 12 months.”

Astrology taken significantly

Apart from lighting a lamp, different methods to appease the tai sui embody leaving small choices like joss paper, incense, meals and flowers, in line with Marco Lazzarotti, a cultural anthropologist on the Institute of Ethnology of the College of Heidelberg in Germany.

Practitioners may take note of feng shui, an historical Chinese language artwork that goals to harmonise individuals with their setting and requires individuals to contemplate the orientation of their dwelling and the location of objects inside it.

That signifies that because the tai sui Basic Pi Shi faces in an easterly course, you will need to not block that path, Lazzarotti mentioned, whereas furnishings must also keep away from each orientations.

Clashing with the tai sui, often known as “fan tai sui,” could sound one thing like “Mercury in retrograde” – a time frame the planet seems to be backwards and tied to emotions of frustration and unhealthy luck in Western astrology.

In 2023, Mercury will likely be in retrograde 3 times for a interval of about 4 weeks, however fan tai sui lasts your complete 12 months.

Extra considerably, nevertheless, could also be that whereas the Western zodiac is considered as one thing of a superstition (and fodder for Instagram or TikTok) largely divorced from its historical Babylonian, Egyptian and Greek roots, Taoism and Chinese language astrology, against this, are taken significantly, with lengthy traces forming on the Longshan Temple within the days working as much as the brand new 12 months.

Official estimates for what number of Taiwanese practise Taoism differ from between 30 to 80 p.c, a determine that’s arduous to pin down as a result of it’s typically blended with Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and people beliefs that migrated to Taiwan from China. In some instances, deities could carry out double obligation as each Buddhist bodhisattva and Daoist god, like Guanyin, the goddess of mercy.

These beliefs, identified broadly as “Chinese language people faith,” have unfold past Taiwan to Southeast Asia and different abroad Chinese language communities, though they have been briefly eradicated in mainland China in the course of the tumult of the Cultural Revolution.

Within the twenty first century, many of those practices have additionally gone on-line and followers can apply to have a lamp lit for the god of their selection at some native temples.

Regardless of the widespread observe of such beliefs, how deep they run normally varies from individual to individual, and so they nonetheless retain some reputation with youthful generations. One temple workers member instructed Al Jazeera he was processing 200 kinds a day, which was sluggish in contrast with a few of the different 11 clerks on obligation.

People waiting to an tan sui or pray to other gods at the temple. They are sitting on red plastic stools. Behind them are counters where they pay for lamps and candles
Between 30 and 80 p.c of individuals in Taiwan are thought to practise Taoism, which incorporates components of Buddhism and ancestor worship. Additionally it is fashionable amongst ethnic Chinese language communities elsewhere in Asia [Erin Hale/Al Jazeera]

Additionally noticeably busy was Longshan Temple’s shrine to Yue Lao, the god of affection, which was buzzing with youthful guests praying with incense or asking questions.

For different Taiwanese, like Emily, a 17-year-old additionally queueing to hope for her mom, a “rabbit”, and good examination outcomes, practices like an tai sui are extra custom than perception.

“To my household it’s undoubtedly a part of their non secular beliefs however to me, it’s extra of a cultural observe,” {the teenager}, who didn’t need to share her full title, instructed Al Jazeera.

“Most of my classmates will go an tai sui with their household. If the zodiac indicators occur to conflict, the entire household will go collectively, so I believe this custom will proceed.”


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