Meet the Arctic Fox, the warm-blooded critters of the chilly North!


Recognized for his or her putting white fur, Arctic Foxes—fittingly nicknamed “snow foxes”—are uniquely well-suited for all times in frigid temperatures. Dwelling as far south as Canada’s northern boreal forest, all the way in which as much as the Arctic, they’re greater than a match for  winter, ice and chilly.

In Canada, Arctic Foxes are the smallest members of the canid household (which incorporates wolves, canine, and coyotes). In maturity, they’re solely about 75 to 115 centimetres in size. Regardless of their small dimension, these creatures are sly predators, in a position to scent a seal den a mile away!

How do Arctic Foxes take care of the chilly? Learn on to search out out.

Unbelievable Fur

An Arctic Fox’s luxurious fur coat is extra than simply an adjunct—in actual fact, it’s important to their survival! It will get chilly the place these foxes dwell (as much as -50°C), however they’re dressed for the climate, with thick fur that retains their our bodies at a toasty 40°C! Even their furry tails serve a objective, performing as a blanket after they sleep (and offering stability whereas they’re on the prowl).

Their fur grows in between their toes, performing as snow boots and muffling their footsteps lest predators are close to. Within the winter, the whiteness of their coats makes it tough for bears, wolves and hungry birds of prey to identify them. Relying on the time of yr, Arctic Foxes may also flip brown, grey, and even blueish, which permits them to mix in with different seasonal tundra colors.

Life within the Den

Like insulative fur, an Arctic Fox’s den is one other key to survival. These surprisingly wonderful diggers can create burrows so far as two to three-and-a-half metres underground, with as much as 100 entrances.

Throughout a very unhealthy stretch of climate, or throughout a collection of unsuccessful searching excursions, Arctic Foxes take their cue from winter’s sleepiest survivors… bears! As long as they’re heat of their dens, these foxes can hibernate like bears for brief durations of time by slowing down their metabolism and coronary heart charges. These dens are so essential, Arctic Foxes will use the identical hideout for generations! Some dens which have been found are 300 years outdated.

As soon as Arctic Foxes awaken from their slumber, lemmings higher beware. Though lemmings are their favorite snack, Arctic Foxes will even eat different rodents, birds, fish, berries, or bugs. If issues get determined, they’ll even eat greens and scavenge for bear leftovers.

Threats to Arctic Foxes

Along with the chilly, Arctic foxes are up towards a couple of different threats, similar to insufficient meals provide, hunters, and ailments like rabies and mange. 

Wish to assist Canadian species just like the Arctic Fox and extra? Keep tuned with the newest in Canadian nature by subscribing for e mail updates. You’ll obtain common updates about what we’re doing to guard Canadian nature and how one can assist.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here