A Low-Price Goat Shed Helps Cattle Rearers Save Livestock in Bihar


Bihar is synonymous with floods; unplanned improvement and lack of catastrophe preparedness have been amplifying the magnitude of devastation within the area, placing essentially the most weak communities, particularly in rural areas, at even better danger.

The annual disaster not solely ravages the houses of impoverished villagers but in addition the technique of their livelihood. Livestock is likely one of the main sources of earnings for rural residents within the state.

Lack of lives, property and livelihoods is purpose sufficient to drive affected folks to depart their natives and migrate in misery. So, it’s no marvel why a lot of Bihar residents are pressured emigrate to different states in quest of work.

Nonetheless, Sanju Devi is free from this trouble. A goat rearer, the 35-year-old doesn’t have to fret about injury to her livestock throughout floods anymore.

Sanju Devi has six healthy goats now for whom she has developed a goat shed.
Sanju Devi has six wholesome goats now for whom she has developed a goat shed.

“Earlier, my goats would die throughout floods after getting sick; I misplaced 9 of my goats. Later, I misplaced eight extra goats and just one survived. We stay in misery yearly,” Sanju, who hails from Buari village, a flood-prone space of Darbhanga district, tells The Higher India.

“However, this 12 months is completely different. Six months again in Baisakh (April/Could), I constructed a goat shed, which has been very helpful and handy for us. Our goats can now survive the disaster. I get compliments from folks, however some are simply jealous! And a few others have requested me to assist them get a shed constructed too,” says Sanju, who has six wholesome goats now.

What’s a goat shed mannequin?

The goat shed mannequin in Bihar guarantees to guard livestock throughout pure disasters. The primary of its sort, this mannequin is designed to resist floods, earthquakes, and even cyclonic storms.

The goat shed model has been constructed by SEEDS in collaboration with donor Heifer International.
The goat shed mannequin has been constructed by SEEDS in collaboration with donor Heifer Worldwide.

A non-profit SEEDS India has been working with the weak communities in Bihar to construct their resilience to disasters by means of revolutionary approaches. The goat shed mannequin has been constructed by SEEDS in collaboration with donor Heifer Worldwide.

Prashant Kumar, the programme professional, says, “For not less than six months, many of the areas in Bihar stay waterlogged, placing the livestock in danger. Throughout floods, folks hold goats on their palangs (beds) or tie them to the bedside. The water publicity makes goats weak to pores and skin illnesses, and in addition makes it tough for folks to reside round them with the foul odor of urine and excreta.”

“Now we have developed the mannequin maintaining well being dangers in thoughts. So, these constructions are constructed at a distance of 10 toes from the houses. This climate-resilient house is devoted for goats solely,” he provides.

The first of its kind, goat shed model is designed to withstand floods, and earthquakes.
The primary of its sort, this mannequin is designed to resist floods, and earthquakes.

How is the goat shed constructed?

The goat shed is constructed 3.5 toes above the bottom stage in waterlogged areas; sometimes a ten by 10 shed with 4 concrete pillars on the corners. The shed is made utterly utilizing bamboo, ropes, and grass.

To boost its pure sturdiness and defend it from bugs, the bamboo is handled with borax – a colourless powder that dissolves simply in water and acts as a pure insect repellent and preservative. “This will increase the lifespan of bamboo used within the construction. Usually, bamboo doesn’t rot for as much as three years, however handled bamboo has 3 times extra sturdiness. Sustainable structure has been intrinsic to us,” informs the SEEDS consultants, including that these sheds can survive as much as 13 years.

The whole top of the ten by 10 shed is 12 toes, and it may well home 10 goats at a time. “By maintaining goats within the raised construction, their faecal urine is expelled outdoors from the shed,” he provides.

The goat shed is claimed to resist earthquakes as much as a magnitude of 4.5 as nicely. “Now we have dug a 3 toes pit and brick dirty it to supply a secure and powerful sub-base to the inspiration of the shed earlier than concreting work,” says Prashant.

The development prices between Rs 8,000 and Rs 30,000 relying on the capability and availability of the land. It takes as much as three days to lift concrete pillars and make the bamboo grass roof and partitions.

“Now we have began this venture in 16 panchayats of Darbhanga district. We work with self-help group members, largely ladies. We assist them get loans from the financial institution and assist them assemble the goat shed. We join them with FPOs (Farmer Producer Organisations) who present them with goats. We additionally assist them to get their goats vaccinated and insured as nicely,” says Prashant.

“We get requests by way of SHGs for goat shed constructions. Thus far, we’ve got received 130 requests, of which, a mortgage has been sanctioned to 59 beneficiaries and 30 such constructions have been constructed. Folks have began adopting it, and we’re planning to broaden this in different districts of the state,” he provides.

Edited by Pranita Bhat; All photos: SEEDS.


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